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The common network components (BootP, DHCP, and DNS) are the functions for managing the networks through Internet Protocol (IP) assignment. Each computer or device in a network has its own identity, which is its IP address. Network administrators use IP addresses to manage and troubleshoot network services.



The DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) service provides automatic IP address assignment to computers and other network attached systems. BootP/DHCP also is used to assign of static IP addresses – addresses that need to remain the same. Printers that need to be allowed to send mail through LSMTP need a DHCP reservation as well.  Please note that while older procedures refer to it as a BOOTP reservation, it is a DHCP reservation; configure your device to use DHCP.  If the device is configured as a BOOTP client, it will not automatically assign the DNS and gateway settings.


The DNS (Domain Name System) is how domains named with words (example: “”) are translated into an IP address. Domain names using words are easier for people to remember than are strings of numbers (IP addresses), which is what digital systems use. A BOOTP reservation can be used to assign a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) to a device so it can be accessed by the FQDN rather than the IP address.  Note that any workstations joined to our domain will have an FQDN starting with the computer name and ending with 

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